Purpose: To evaluate the clinical features and functional and anatomical outcomes after surgical intervention in pediatric rhegmatogenous retinal detachment.
Methods: In this retrospective case series, pediatric patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment who had surgical intervention were included. Cases were categorized into five main etiology groups: congenital or developmental (48 eyes); trauma (54 eyes); myopia alone (12 eyes); previous intraocular surgery (10 eyes); and miscellaneous (3 eyes). Patients' demographic, clinical, and surgical outcomes, as well as fellow eye findings were evaluated.
Results: One hundred twenty-seven eyes of 108 patients (mean age: 12.1 +/- 4.1 year, 80.6% male) were included. Scleral buckling was the initial procedure in 31% of eyes and vitrectomy in 63%. Mean follow-up was 34 +/- 21 months (median 33 months). Retinal reattachment at last follow-up was achieved in 74.9% of eyes. Visual acuity was >/=20/200 in 14% of eyes preoperatively and in 47.9% of eyes at final follow-up (P = 0.001). Retinal pathologies (mostly lattice degeneration) were noted in 82.2% of fellow eyes.
Conclusion: Trauma and congenital-developmental anomalies were the leading etiologies in pediatric rhegmatogenous retinal detachment in this review. Despite the complexity of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment and presence of vision-threatening anomalies, anatomic and functional outcomes were acceptable. Regular ophthalmoscopy of the sound eye is recommended for children at risk.