Initial outcomes of a mental illness self-management program based on wellness recovery action planning

Psychiatr Serv. 2009 Feb;60(2):246-9. doi: 10.1176/ps.2009.60.2.246.


Objective: This study examined changes in psychosocial outcomes among participants in an eight-week, peer-led, mental illness self-management intervention called Wellness Recovery Action Planning (WRAP).

Methods: Eighty individuals with serious mental illness at five Ohio sites completed telephone interviews at baseline and one month after the intervention.

Results: Paired t tests of pre- and postintervention scores revealed significant improvement in self-reported symptoms, recovery, hopefulness, self-advocacy, and physical health; empowerment decreased significantly and no significant changes were observed in social support. Those attending six or more sessions showed greater improvement than those attending fewer sessions.

Conclusions: These promising early results suggest that further research on this intervention is warranted. Confirmation of the efficacy and effectiveness of peer-led self-management has the potential to enhance self-determination and promote recovery for people with psychiatric disabilities.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Female
  • Health Care Surveys
  • Health Promotion / methods*
  • Humans
  • Interviews as Topic
  • Male
  • Mental Disorders / rehabilitation*
  • Middle Aged
  • Ohio
  • Outcome Assessment, Health Care / methods*
  • Peer Group
  • Self Care*
  • Social Support
  • Young Adult