How do disclosure policies fail? Let us count the ways

FASEB J. 2009 Jun;23(6):1638-42. doi: 10.1096/fj.08-125963. Epub 2009 Jan 28.


The disclosure policies of scientific journals now require that investigators provide information about financial interests relevant to their research. The main goals of these policies are to prevent bias from occurring, to help identify bias when it occurs, and to avoid the appearance of bias. We argue here that such policies do little to help achieve these goals, and we suggest more effective alternatives.

MeSH terms

  • Bias
  • Conflict of Interest* / economics
  • Disclosure* / ethics
  • Disclosure* / standards
  • Humans
  • Peer Review, Research / ethics
  • Peer Review, Research / standards
  • Periodicals as Topic* / economics
  • Periodicals as Topic* / ethics
  • Periodicals as Topic* / standards
  • Research Personnel / economics
  • Research Personnel / ethics
  • Research Support as Topic* / economics
  • Research Support as Topic* / ethics