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, 108 (1), 13-9

Spontaneous Clearance of Helicobacter Pylori Colonization in Patients With Partial Gastrectomy: Correlates With Operative Procedures and Duration After Operation

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Spontaneous Clearance of Helicobacter Pylori Colonization in Patients With Partial Gastrectomy: Correlates With Operative Procedures and Duration After Operation

Ming-Jong Bair et al. J Formos Med Assoc.

Abstract

Background/purpose: For patients undergoing gastric surgery because of complications of peptic ulcers, such as bleeding or perforation in the pre-Helicobacter pylori eradication era, their infection status was not surveyed or it was neglected altogether. Previous reports have shown spontaneous clearance of H. pylori in these patients but the determining factors remain ill-defined.

Methods: Seventy-six patients with previous partial gastrectomy for complicated peptic ulcers were enrolled prospectively. Patients with peptic ulcers but without gastrectomy were selected as a control group. Gastric biopsy specimens were obtained from each patient for histological H. pylori staining and rapid urease test on endoscopic evaluation. Spontaneous clearance of H. pylori colonization was defined when patients who were positive for H. pylori prior to operation became negative, without eradication treatment.

Results: The prevalence of H. pylori colonization was significantly lower in patients with partial gastrectomy (22.4%, 17/76 vs. 67.1%, 51/76, p < 0.001). There was a trend towards decreasing prevalence of H. pylori colonization as time after operation increased: 1-15 years, 29.5% (13/44); 16-30 years, 13.6% (3/22); and > 31 years, 10% (1/10). The spontaneous clearance rate of H. pylori after partial gastrectomy was 43% (13/30). The time after operation in the spontaneous clearance group was longer than that in those without (20.8 +/- 11.7 vs. 12.1 +/- 11.0 years, p = 0.048). Billroth-II procedure had a higher bile reflux rate and a lower H. pylori infection prevalence than the Billroth-I procedure.

Conclusion: Spontaneous clearance of H. pylori develops in a certain number of patients who undergo distal gastrectomy. The clearance rate is related to operative procedures and time after operation.

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