Randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of sublingual immunotherapy with a Pru p 3 quantified peach extract

Allergy. 2009 Jun;64(6):876-83. doi: 10.1111/j.1398-9995.2008.01921.x. Epub 2009 Jan 21.


Background: Peach allergy is highly prevalent in the Mediterranean area; it is persistent and potentially severe, and therefore a prime target for immunotherapy. We aimed to study the efficacy and safety of sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) with a peach extract quantified in mass units for Pru p 3, the peach lipid transfer protein.

Methods: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled (DBPC) clinical trial. The main efficacy outcome was the change in the response to a DBPC food challenge (DBPCFC) with peach. Secondary efficacy outcomes were the changes in skin prick test (SPT), and in specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) and IgG(4) to Pru p 3. Tolerance was assessed with a careful recording of adverse events.

Results: After 6 months of SLIT, the active group tolerated a significantly higher amount of peach (three- to ninefold), presented a significant decrease (5.3 times) in SPT, and a significant increase in IgE and IgG(4) to Pru p 3. No significant changes were observed within the placebo group. Statistically significant inter-group differences were only observed in the SPT and IgG(4) responses. No serious adverse events were reported. Systemic reactions were mild, and observed with a similar frequency in both groups. Local reactions were significantly more frequent in the active group (three times) and 95% of them restricted to the oral cavity.

Conclusion: In this first exploratory clinical trial, SLIT for peach allergy seems to be a promising therapeutic option that could modify the clinical reactivity of the patients to peach intake and the underlying immunological response with a good tolerance.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Sublingual
  • Adult
  • Allergens / administration & dosage*
  • Allergens / immunology
  • Antigens, Plant
  • Desensitization, Immunologic / adverse effects
  • Desensitization, Immunologic / methods*
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Female
  • Food Hypersensitivity / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulin E / blood
  • Immunoglobulin G / blood
  • Male
  • Plant Proteins
  • Prunus / immunology*
  • Skin Tests


  • Allergens
  • Antigens, Plant
  • Immunoglobulin G
  • Plant Proteins
  • Pru p 3 allergen
  • Immunoglobulin E