SNP identification in crop plants

Curr Opin Plant Biol. 2009 Apr;12(2):211-7. doi: 10.1016/j.pbi.2008.12.009. Epub 2009 Jan 29.


In many plants, single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers are increasingly becoming the marker system of choice. However, for many crop plants there are surprisingly low numbers of validated SNP markers available although they are needed in large numbers for studies regarding genetic variation, linkage mapping, population structure analysis, association genetics, map-based gene isolation, and plant breeding. This review summarizes the current status of SNP marker development technologies for major crop plants. It will also provide an outlook into the future regarding possible SNP identification approaches in crop plants on the basis of current development in model systems such as Arabidopsis which will become available with the full sequencing of more plant genomes, genome resequencing, and in conjunction with the next-generation sequencing technologies.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Crops, Agricultural / genetics*
  • Genetic Techniques*
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide / genetics*
  • Polyploidy