Personality hardiness, ways of coping, social support and burnout in critical care nurses

J Adv Nurs. 1991 Jul;16(7):850-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.1991.tb01767.x.


Hardiness, ways of coping, social support and burnout in 103 critical care nurses were addressed in this study. Work-related and nonwork-related social support and hardiness were negatively related to burnout. Use of emotion-focused coping was positively correlated with burnout while hardiness was negatively related to the use of emotion-focused coping and positively related to both types of social support. After controlling for working nights, social support, hardiness, emotion-focused coping and problem-focused coping accounted for 44% of the variance in burnout scores.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Academic Medical Centers
  • Adaptation, Psychological*
  • Adult
  • Burnout, Professional / epidemiology
  • Burnout, Professional / etiology
  • Burnout, Professional / psychology*
  • Critical Care / psychology*
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Nursing Staff, Hospital / psychology*
  • Personality*
  • Problem Solving
  • Social Support*
  • Southeastern United States / epidemiology
  • Surveys and Questionnaires