Balloon valvuloplasty versus closed commissurotomy for pliable mitral stenosis: a prospective hemodynamic study

J Am Coll Cardiol. 1991 Nov 1;18(5):1318-22. doi: 10.1016/0735-1097(91)90555-n.


Closed surgical mitral valvotomy is the procedure of choice in most patients with symptomatic pliable mitral stenosis in developing countries. The procedure is efficacious and safe. Mitral valvotomy performed with a balloon has shown similar good results, with infrequent complications in selected subjects. Because there is a paucity of studies comparing the two techniques, this study was undertaken to compare the results of percutaneous balloon mitral valvuloplasty with those of closed commissurotomy as determined by catheterization studies. Forty-five patients with tight pliable mitral stenosis were randomly assigned to one of two groups: 23 patients had balloon valvuloplasty by the single catheter technique (group I) and 22 underwent closed surgical valvotomy (group II). The two groups were similar with regard to clinical and hemodynamic findings before intervention. Mitral valve area increased from 0.8 +/- 0.3 to 2.1 +/- 0.7 cm2 in group I (p less than 0.001) and from 0.7 +/- 0.2 to 1.3 +/- 0.3 cm2 in group II (p less than 0.001). Pulmonary artery pressure and pulmonary vascular resistance decreased in both groups, but these changes did not reach statistical significance in group II. Treadmill exercise time increased from 3.8 +/- 2.3 to 7.3 +/- 2.6 min in group I (p less than 0.001) and from 4 +/- 2.6 to 5.6 +/- 2.6 min in group II (p less than 0.001). There were no deaths. One patient in each group developed moderate (3+) mitral regurgitation. A small interatrial shunt (less than 1.5:1) was detected in three patients in group I immediately after the procedure.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Blood Pressure / physiology
  • Catheterization*
  • Exercise Test
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Hemodynamics / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mitral Valve / surgery*
  • Mitral Valve Stenosis / physiopathology
  • Mitral Valve Stenosis / therapy*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Pulmonary Artery / physiology
  • Vascular Resistance / physiology