Objective: Ophthalmic aneurysms present unique challenges to a vascular team. This study reviews the 16-year experience of a multidisciplinary neurovascular service in the treatment, complications, outcomes, and follow-up of patients with ophthalmic aneurysms from 1990 to 2005.
Methods: A retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data of 134 patients with 157 ophthalmic aneurysms is presented. Subgroup analysis is performed based on treatment and clinical presentation of the patients.
Results: Clinical outcomes are reported using the Glasgow Outcome Scale. A "good" outcome is defined as a Glasgow Outcome Scale score of 4 or 5, and a "poor" outcome is defined as a Glasgow Outcome Scale score of 1 to 3. Outcome was related to patient age (P = 0.0002) and aneurysm size (P = 0.046). Outcomes for patients with ruptured aneurysms were related to hypertension (P < 0.0001) and clinical admission grade (P = 0.001). In patients with unruptured aneurysms, a good clinical outcome was noted in 103 (92.7%) of 111 patients at discharge and 83 (94.3%) of 88 patients at the time of the 1-year follow-up evaluation. Complete clipping was attained in 89 (79.5%) of 112 patients with angiographic follow-up. Patients with aneurysm remnants from both coiling and clipping had a low risk of regrowth, and there were no rehemorrhages. One of 25 patients with angiographic follow-up (average, 4.3 +/- 4.1 years) after "complete" clipping showed recurrence of the aneurysm.
Conclusion: Despite the difficulties presented by ophthalmic aneurysms, these lesions can be successfully managed by a multidisciplinary team. Imaging follow-up of patients is important, as there is a risk of aneurysm regrowth after either coiling or clipping.