Results, outcomes, and follow-up of remnants in the treatment of ophthalmic aneurysms: a 16-year experience of a combined neurosurgical and endovascular team

Neurosurgery. 2009 Feb;64(2):218-29; discussion 229-30. doi: 10.1227/01.NEU.0000337127.73667.80.


Objective: Ophthalmic aneurysms present unique challenges to a vascular team. This study reviews the 16-year experience of a multidisciplinary neurovascular service in the treatment, complications, outcomes, and follow-up of patients with ophthalmic aneurysms from 1990 to 2005.

Methods: A retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data of 134 patients with 157 ophthalmic aneurysms is presented. Subgroup analysis is performed based on treatment and clinical presentation of the patients.

Results: Clinical outcomes are reported using the Glasgow Outcome Scale. A "good" outcome is defined as a Glasgow Outcome Scale score of 4 or 5, and a "poor" outcome is defined as a Glasgow Outcome Scale score of 1 to 3. Outcome was related to patient age (P = 0.0002) and aneurysm size (P = 0.046). Outcomes for patients with ruptured aneurysms were related to hypertension (P < 0.0001) and clinical admission grade (P = 0.001). In patients with unruptured aneurysms, a good clinical outcome was noted in 103 (92.7%) of 111 patients at discharge and 83 (94.3%) of 88 patients at the time of the 1-year follow-up evaluation. Complete clipping was attained in 89 (79.5%) of 112 patients with angiographic follow-up. Patients with aneurysm remnants from both coiling and clipping had a low risk of regrowth, and there were no rehemorrhages. One of 25 patients with angiographic follow-up (average, 4.3 +/- 4.1 years) after "complete" clipping showed recurrence of the aneurysm.

Conclusion: Despite the difficulties presented by ophthalmic aneurysms, these lesions can be successfully managed by a multidisciplinary team. Imaging follow-up of patients is important, as there is a risk of aneurysm regrowth after either coiling or clipping.

MeSH terms

  • Aneurysm / epidemiology*
  • Aneurysm / surgery*
  • Aneurysm, Ruptured / epidemiology*
  • Aneurysm, Ruptured / prevention & control*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Indiana / epidemiology
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neurosurgical Procedures / statistics & numerical data*
  • Ophthalmic Artery / surgery*
  • Prevalence
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Vascular Surgical Procedures / statistics & numerical data*