Body shape, body size and cigarette smoking relationships

Int J Public Health. 2009;54(1):35-9. doi: 10.1007/s00038-008-7061-x.


Objectives: The aim of the present study was to explore whether smoking is positively related with the abdominal obesity.

Methods: Cross-sectional data was analyzed from a random sample of 1,342 subjects, stratified by their age and gender. Cigarette smoking habits were assessed and anthropometric measures obtained during the health examination.

Results: Statistically significant differences in waist circumference and waist-hip ratio were found among males in some of the age groups, body mass index however, was lower in older smokers. There were no differences between female smokers and non-smokers in all parameters.

Conclusion: The results of the study do not support the hypothesis that smoking affects an abnormal fat distribution profile predominantly in the form of central adiposity as reported earlier.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Body Fat Distribution
  • Body Mass Index
  • Body Size*
  • Body Weight
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Slovenia
  • Smoking / adverse effects
  • Smoking / epidemiology*
  • Somatotypes*
  • Waist-Hip Ratio*