Jordanian nurses' knowledge and practice of breast self-examination

J Adv Nurs. 2009 Feb;65(2):412-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2008.04891.x.


Aim: This paper is a report of a study to evaluate the knowledge and practice of Jordanian nurses in relation to breast self-examination.

Background: Studies have shown that women who have learned about breast self-examination have positive attitudes toward breast cancer and practise breast self-examination more frequently, and that nurses who teach their clients about methods of early detection and breast self-examination are more knowledgeable about breast cancer screening and breast self-examination techniques than those who do not. Therefore, it is important to understand nurses' knowledge about breast cancer and its early detection.

Methods: A cross-sectional design was used, with a convenience sample of 347 Registered Nurses at three large cities in Jordan (response rate 95%). Data collection took place in 2005 using a self-administrated questionnaire with three parts and based on the American Cancer Society's guidelines: demographics, knowledge, and practice of breast self-examination.

Results: Nurses reported high levels of knowledge of breast self-examination (M = 7.6, SD. 2.7). A high proportion of nurses reported doing breast self-examination in the past 12 months (85%), but only 17.7% reported doing so on a monthly basis. None of the demographic characteristics was found to be associated with the practice of breast self-examination.

Conclusion: More health education about monthly breast self-examination and prevention strategies is needed for nurses and their women patients, especially for Arabic women.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Breast Self-Examination*
  • Early Detection of Cancer*
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
  • Humans
  • Jordan
  • Middle Aged
  • Nurses*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Young Adult