Five cases of paralytic strabismus as a rare feature of lyme disease

Clin Infect Dis. 2009 Mar 15;48(6):756-9. doi: 10.1086/597041.

Abstract

Lyme borreliosis is the most common human tick-borne disease in the Northern Hemisphere. The prevalence of Lyme borreliosis is estimated to be 20-100 cases per 100,000 persons in the United States and 100-155 cases per 100,000 persons in Europe [ 1 , 2 ]. It is caused by the spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato [ 2 , 3 ]. The course of clinical manifestations is thought to occur in 3 stages: early, disseminated, and chronic [ 2 , 4 ]. Lyme borreliosis can cause a variety of ocular manifestations, and the frequency of these manifestations among cases of Lyme disease involving systemic manifestations is approximately 1% [ 5 ].

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Borrelia burgdorferi Group / isolation & purification*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lyme Disease / complications*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Strabismus / etiology*