Comparison of C-reactive protein and metabolic syndrome as cardiovascular risk factors in African-Americans and European-Americans

Am J Cardiol. 2009 Feb 15;103(4):523-7. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2008.10.016. Epub 2008 Dec 25.


The aim of this study was to investigate the association of C-reactive protein (CRP) with the metabolic syndrome (MS) and its components, and their association with coronary artery disease (CAD) in African Americans and European Americans. MS was defined using revised National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III criteria in 224 African Americans and 304 European Americans who underwent coronary angiography; CAD was defined as > or =50% stenosis in any segment or as a composite cardiovascular score (0 to 75). The relative frequencies of MS and CAD were significantly higher in African Americans with high (> or =3 mg/L) versus low (<3 mg/L) CRP levels (76% vs 24%, p <0.001, for MS and 70% vs 30%, p = 0.001, for CAD). Composite scores were higher in subjects with high (> or =3 mg/L) versus low (<3 mg/L) CRP levels in African Americans (16.9 vs 11.2, p = 0.038) and European Americans (18.5 vs 14.5, p = 0.002). Furthermore, in the 2 ethnic groups, cardiovascular scores were higher in subjects with MS, irrespective of CRP levels. Adjusting for other risk factors, multiple regression analysis demonstrated an association of MS, but not CRP, with CAD in European Americans but not African Americans (r(2) = 0.533, p <0.001). In conclusion, MS was independently associated with CAD in European Americans and African Americans, whereas CRP did not add prognostic information beyond established cardiovascular risk factors in either ethnic group.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • African Americans
  • C-Reactive Protein / analysis*
  • Coronary Angiography
  • Coronary Artery Disease / blood*
  • Coronary Artery Disease / diagnostic imaging
  • Coronary Artery Disease / ethnology*
  • European Continental Ancestry Group
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Metabolic Syndrome / blood*
  • Metabolic Syndrome / ethnology*
  • Risk Factors


  • C-Reactive Protein