Pancreatoduodenectomy with or without pyloric preservation: a clinical outcomes comparison

HPB Surg. 2008;2008:719459. doi: 10.1155/2008/719459. Epub 2009 Jan 29.

Abstract

Pyloric preservation (PP) can frequently be performed at the time of pancreatoduodenectomy (PD), although some reports have linked it to inferior outcomes such as delayed gastric emptying (DGE). We reviewed records in a single-surgeon practice to assess outcomes after PD with or without PP. There were 133 PDs with 67 PPPDs and 66 PDs. Differences between PPPD and PD groups included cancer frequency, tumor size, OR time, blood loss, and transfusion rate. However, postoperative morbidity rate and grade, NG tube duration, NGT reinsertion rate, DGE, and length of stay were similar. There was no difference among patients with pancreatic cancer. No detrimental outcomes are associated with pyloric preservation during PD. Greater intraoperative ease and superior survival in the PPPD group are due to confounding, tumor-related variables in this nonrandomized comparison. Nevertheless, we intend to continue the use of PP with our technique in patients who meet the stated criteria.