Blood pressure patterns in the first three days of life

J Perinatol. 1991 Sep;11(3):231-4.


Current blood pressure data for healthy newborn infants consist primarily of single measurements of systolic and diastolic pressure in the first 48 hours of life. The purpose of this study was to determine if blood pressure levels are stable or are changing during the first few days of life. To determine blood pressure level and trend, indirect blood pressure was measured on day 1 through day 3 of life in all infants admitted to the well newborn nursery at Hahnemann University Hospital in Philadelphia. Systolic pressure correlated significantly with birthweight on day 1 of life (P less than .03). Repeated measures analysis of variance demonstrated a significant increase in both systolic and diastolic pressures over the first 72 hours of life (P less than .001). There was no difference in blood pressure among racial groups (black, Hispanic, white, Asian). In healthy newborns, there was no correlation of blood pressure with maternal conditions: toxemia, diabetes, substance abuse. These data demonstrate that blood pressure correlates with birthweight in well newborns. There is, however, a significant progressive increase in both systolic and diastolic blood pressure over the first 3 days of life, regardless of birthweight or maternal conditions.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Analysis of Variance
  • Birth Weight
  • Blood Pressure / physiology*
  • Diastole
  • Gestational Age
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn / physiology*
  • Systole
  • Time Factors