Yersinia pestis continues to pose a threat as a potential biological weapon and is recognized by public health experts as a re-emerging infectious disease. Therefore there is great interest in developing a safe and effective vaccine. Vaccines against plague containing both the Fraction 1 (F1) and V antigens of Y. pestis have shown promise in protecting animal models against pneumonic plague, the deadliest form of the disease. Here we report on a plague vaccine consisting of the F1 and LcrV antigens fused to a single carrier molecule, the thermostable enzyme lichenase from Clostridium thermocellum, and expressed in and purified from Nicotiana benthamiana plants. When administered to Cynomolgus Macaques this purified plant-produced vaccine induced high titers of serum IgG, mainly of the IgG1 isotype, against both F1 and LcrV. These immunized animals were subsequently challenged and the LcrV-F1 plant-produced vaccine conferred complete protection against aerosolized Y. pestis.