Development and Validation of the Short Grit Scale (Grit-S)

J Pers Assess. 2009 Mar;91(2):166-74. doi: 10.1080/00223890802634290.

Abstract

In this article, we introduce brief self-report and informant-report versions of the Grit Scale, which measures trait-level perseverance and passion for long-term goals. The Short Grit Scale (Grit-S) retains the 2-factor structure of the original Grit Scale (Duckworth, Peterson, Matthews, & Kelly, 2007) with 4 fewer items and improved psychometric properties. We present evidence for the Grit-S's internal consistency, test-retest stability, consensual validity with informant-report versions, and predictive validity. Among adults, the Grit-S was associated with educational attainment and fewer career changes. Among adolescents, the Grit-S longitudinally predicted GPA and, inversely, hours watching television. Among cadets at the United States Military Academy, West Point, the Grit-S predicted retention. Among Scripps National Spelling Bee competitors, the Grit-S predicted final round attained, a relationship mediated by lifetime spelling practice.

Publication types

  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Achievement*
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Goals*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Motivation
  • Personal Satisfaction*
  • Personality*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Self-Assessment*
  • Social Behavior
  • Surveys and Questionnaires / standards*
  • Young Adult