Heavy duty diesel engine exhaust aerosol particle and ion measurements

Environ Sci Technol. 2009 Jan 1;43(1):163-8. doi: 10.1021/es801690h.


Heavy duty EURO 4 diesel engine exhaust particle and ion size distributions were measured atthetailpipe using dynamometer testing. Measurements of particle volatility and electrical charge were undertaken to clarify diesel exhaust nucleation mode characteristics with different exhaust after-treatment systems. Nucleation mode particle volatility and charging probability were dependent on exhaust after-treatment particles were volatile and uncharged when the engine was equipped with diesel particulate filter and partly volatile and partly charged in exhaust without any after-treatment or with an oxidation catalyst only. The absence of charged particles in the nucleation mode of diesel particulate filtered exhaust excludes the ion mediated process as a nucleation particle formation mechanism.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aerosols / analysis*
  • Carbon / analysis
  • Ions
  • Motor Vehicles*
  • Particle Size
  • Particulate Matter / analysis*
  • Solubility
  • Vehicle Emissions / analysis*


  • Aerosols
  • Ions
  • Particulate Matter
  • Vehicle Emissions
  • Carbon