Parental correlates of children's peer relations: an empirical test of a tripartite model

Dev Psychol. 2009 Jan;45(1):224-35. doi: 10.1037/a0014305.


In recognition of the multiple pathways through which family and peer systems are linked, this short-term longitudinal study tested a tripartite model of family-peer relationships. One hundred fifty-nine fourth-grade children (82 boys, 77 girls) and their parents participated in a study of the links between parent behaviors and children's peer relations both concurrently and 1 year later. A multimethod approach--including observations of parent?child interactions, parent report, child report, and teacher and peer ratings--was used to evaluate a tripartite model of family-peer relations. Results indicate that parent?child interaction, parent advice giving, and parental provision of opportunities by both mothers and fathers predict children's social competence and, in turn, social acceptance 1 year later. Suggestions for future research and practical implications are noted, and limitations of the study are acknowledged.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Interpersonal Relations*
  • Male
  • Models, Psychological*
  • Parent-Child Relations*
  • Peer Group*
  • Sex Factors
  • Social Behavior*
  • Statistics as Topic