Cell and molecular biology of nuclear actin

Int Rev Cell Mol Biol. 2009;273:219-63. doi: 10.1016/S1937-6448(08)01806-6.

Abstract

Actin is a highly conserved protein and one of the major components of the cytoplasm and the nucleus in eukaryotic cells. In the nucleus, actin is involved in a variety of nuclear processes that include transcription and transcription regulation, RNA processing and export, intranuclear movement, and structure maintenance. Recent advances in the field of nuclear actin have established that functions of actin in the nucleus are versatile, complex, and interconnected. It also has become increasingly evident that the cytoplasmic and nuclear pools of actin are functionally linked. However, while the biological significance of nuclear actin has become clear, we are only beginning to understand the mechanisms that lie behind the regulation of nuclear actin. This review provides an overview of our current understanding of the functions of actin in the nucleus.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Actins / metabolism*
  • Animals
  • Cell Nucleus / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Molecular Biology*

Substances

  • Actins