Reconstitution of yeast silent chromatin: multiple contact sites and O-AADPR binding load SIR complexes onto nucleosomes in vitro

Mol Cell. 2009 Feb 13;33(3):323-34. doi: 10.1016/j.molcel.2009.01.009.

Abstract

At yeast telomeres and silent mating-type loci, chromatin assumes a higher-order structure that represses transcription by means of the histone deacetylase Sir2 and structural proteins Sir3 and Sir4. Here, we present a fully reconstituted system to analyze SIR holocomplex binding to nucleosomal arrays. Purified Sir2-3-4 heterotrimers bind chromatin, cooperatively yielding a stable complex of homogeneous molecular weight. Remarkably, Sir2-3-4 also binds naked DNA, reflecting the strong, albeit nonspecific, DNA-binding activity of Sir4. The binding of Sir3 to nucleosomes is sensitive to histone H4 N-terminal tail removal, while that of Sir2-4 is not. Dot1-mediated methylation of histone H3K79 reduces the binding of both Sir3 and Sir2-3-4. Additionally, a byproduct of Sir2-mediated NAD hydrolysis, O-acetyl-ADP-ribose, increases the efficiency with which Sir3 and Sir2-3-4 bind nucleosomes. Thus, in small cumulative steps, each Sir protein, unmodified histone domains, and contacts with DNA contribute to the stability of the silent chromatin complex.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Binding Sites
  • Chromatin / metabolism*
  • Histone Deacetylases / isolation & purification
  • Histone Deacetylases / metabolism
  • Models, Biological
  • Models, Molecular
  • Nucleosomes / metabolism*
  • O-Acetyl-ADP-Ribose / metabolism*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / metabolism*
  • Silent Information Regulator Proteins, Saccharomyces cerevisiae / isolation & purification
  • Silent Information Regulator Proteins, Saccharomyces cerevisiae / metabolism*
  • Sirtuin 2
  • Sirtuins / isolation & purification
  • Sirtuins / metabolism

Substances

  • Chromatin
  • Nucleosomes
  • O-Acetyl-ADP-Ribose
  • SIR3 protein, S cerevisiae
  • SIR4 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Silent Information Regulator Proteins, Saccharomyces cerevisiae
  • SIR2 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Sirtuin 2
  • Sirtuins
  • Histone Deacetylases