An intact cuticle in distal tissues is essential for the induction of systemic acquired resistance in plants

Cell Host Microbe. 2009 Feb 19;5(2):151-65. doi: 10.1016/j.chom.2009.01.001.


Systemic acquired resistance (SAR), initiated by a plant upon recognition of microbial effectors, involves generation of a mobile signal at the primary infection site, which translocates to and activates defense responses in distal tissues via unknown mechanism(s). We find that an acyl carrier protein, ACP4, is required to perceive the mobile SAR signal in distal tissues of Arabidopsis. Although acp4 plants generated the mobile signal, they failed to induce the systemic immunity response. Defective SAR in acp4 plants was not due to impairment in salicylic acid (SA)-, methyl SA-, or jasmonic acid-mediated plant hormone signaling pathways but was associated with the impaired cuticle of acp4 leaves. Other cuticle-impairing genetic mutations or physical removal of the cuticle also compromised SAR. This cuticular requirement was relevant only during mobile signal generation and its translocation to distal tissues. Collectively, these data suggest an active role for the plant cuticle in SAR-related molecular signaling.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Acyl Carrier Protein / genetics
  • Acyl Carrier Protein / metabolism
  • Arabidopsis / immunology*
  • Arabidopsis Proteins / genetics
  • Arabidopsis Proteins / metabolism
  • Bacterial Infections / immunology*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Plant
  • Plant Diseases / immunology*
  • Signal Transduction


  • Acyl Carrier Protein
  • Arabidopsis Proteins