Drosophila intestinal response to bacterial infection: activation of host defense and stem cell proliferation

Cell Host Microbe. 2009 Feb 19;5(2):200-11. doi: 10.1016/j.chom.2009.01.003.


Although Drosophila systemic immunity is extensively studied, little is known about the fly's intestine-specific responses to bacterial infection. Global gene expression analysis of Drosophila intestinal tissue to oral infection with the Gram-negative bacterium Erwinia carotovora revealed that immune responses in the gut are regulated by the Imd and JAK-STAT pathways, but not the Toll pathway. Ingestion of bacteria had a dramatic impact on the physiology of the gut that included modulation of stress response and increased stem cell proliferation and epithelial renewal. Our data suggest that gut homeostasis is maintained through a balance between cell damage due to the collateral effects of bacteria killing and epithelial repair by stem cell division. The Drosophila gut provides a powerful model to study the integration of stress and immunity with pathways associated with stem cell control, and this study should prove to be a useful resource for such further studies.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Drosophila / immunology*
  • Drosophila / microbiology*
  • Drosophila Proteins / immunology
  • Female
  • Gastrointestinal Tract / immunology*
  • Gastrointestinal Tract / microbiology*
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections / immunology*
  • Janus Kinases / immunology
  • Myogenic Regulatory Factors / immunology
  • Pectobacterium carotovorum / immunology*
  • STAT Transcription Factors / immunology
  • Toll-Like Receptors / immunology
  • Transcription Factors / immunology


  • Drosophila Proteins
  • Myogenic Regulatory Factors
  • STAT Transcription Factors
  • Toll-Like Receptors
  • Transcription Factors
  • lmd protein, Drosophila
  • Janus Kinases
  • hop protein, Drosophila