Black men who have sex with men and the association of down-low identity with HIV risk behavior

Am J Public Health. 2009 Apr;99 Suppl 1(Suppl 1):S92-5. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2007.127217. Epub 2009 Feb 12.


Black men "on the down low" have been considered prime agents of HIV transmission in the Black community despite little empirical evidence. We assessed the relationship between down-low identification and sexual risk outcomes among 1151 Black MSM. Down-low Identification was not associated with unprotected anal or vaginal sex with male or female partners. Future HIV prevention programs and research should target sexual risk behaviors of Black men, irrespective of identity, and not focus on the "down low."

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • African Americans / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • HIV Infections / epidemiology*
  • HIV Infections / transmission
  • Homosexuality, Male / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Prejudice*
  • Risk Assessment
  • Risk-Taking*
  • Sexual Behavior
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Young Adult