Objective: To evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of thulium:yttrium-aluminium-garnet (YAG) laser prostatectomy in patients with an indwelling transurethral catheter due to recurrent urinary retention secondary to benign prostatic obstruction.
Patients and methods: Preoperative data and postoperative outcome, as well as complications, were recorded in 65 patients with a history of recurrent urinary retention before surgery (group A), who were compared with a group of 143 men with no recurrent urinary retention (group B).
Results: The mean (sd) volume of the prostate was 45.6 (22.5) and 43.1 (24.5) mL in groups A and B, respectively. The respective preoperative prostate-specific antigen levels were 3.6 (7.8) and 2.8 (6.4) ng/mL, the surgical duration 72.4 (28.9) and 65.6 (28.6) min, the mean laser time and energy 32.5 (11.8) min/140.7 (42.1) kJ and 29.4 (11.6) min/117.6 (11.6) kJ, the maximum urinary flow rate after surgery 19.6 (11.2) and 19.1 (9.6) mL/s, and the postvoid residual urine volume 26.7 (36.3) and 20.6 (27.3) mL. Recorded complications were: bleeding, at 3% in group A and 1.4% in group B; urinary tract infection 15.4% and 4.2%; and a second procedure, 3% and 2.3%. Overall, complications were more frequent in group A (P = 0.02).
Conclusion: Thulium:YAG prostatectomy is feasible and effective, even in patients with potentially impaired detrusor function. The long-term durability of these promising results has yet to be confirmed.