Grape Seed Polyphenolic Extract as a Potential Novel Therapeutic Agent in Tauopathies

J Alzheimers Dis. 2009;16(2):433-9. doi: 10.3233/JAD-2009-0969.

Abstract

Abnormal misfoldings of the microtubule-associated protein tau, leading to the aggregation of tau into paired helical filaments that are ultimately deposited as neurofibrillary tangles, is a key neuropathologic feature of a number of neurodegenerative disorders collectively referred to as tauopathies. We recently observed that a particular grape seed polyphenolic extract (GSPE), namely, Meganatural-Az may attenuate the generation and stability of misfolded proteins. We hypothesized that Meganatural-Az GSPE might also attenuate tau protein misfolding that leads to the generation of tau filamentary aggregates that are critical for the initiation and progression of neurodegeneration and/or cognitive dysfunctions in tauopathies. In this study, we used in vitro aggregations of synthetic Ac(306)VQIVYK(311) tau peptide as a model system to explore whether Meganatural-Az GSPE might modulate aggregations of tau protein. We demonstrate that this GSPE is capable of inhibiting tau peptide aggregations, as well as dissociating preformed tau peptide aggregates. Results from this study suggest that this GSPE might provide beneficial disease-modifying bioactivities in tau-associated neurodegenerative disorders by modulating tau-mediated neuropathologic mechanisms. Our observation, in conjunction with the demonstrated bioavailability, as well as safety and tolerability, of this GSPE, supports the development of Meganatural-Az GSPE for the prevention and/or treatment of tau-associated neurodegenerative disorders.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Antioxidants / metabolism*
  • Antioxidants / pharmacology
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Flavonoids / metabolism*
  • Flavonoids / pharmacology
  • Models, Biological
  • Peptides / metabolism
  • Phenols / metabolism*
  • Phenols / pharmacology
  • Plant Extracts / chemistry*
  • Polyphenols
  • Protein Binding / drug effects
  • Protein Folding / drug effects
  • Tauopathies / metabolism*

Substances

  • Antioxidants
  • Flavonoids
  • Peptides
  • Phenols
  • Plant Extracts
  • Polyphenols