A gene deleted in Kallmann's syndrome shares homology with neural cell adhesion and axonal path-finding molecules

Nature. 1991 Oct 10;353(6344):529-36. doi: 10.1038/353529a0.


Kallmann's syndrome (clinically characterized by hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and inability to smell) is caused by a defect in the migration of olfactory neurons, and neurons producing hypothalamic gonadotropin-releasing hormone. A gene has now been isolated from the critical region on Xp22.3 to which the syndrome locus has been assigned: this gene escapes X inactivation, has a homologue on the Y chromosome, and shows an unusual pattern of conservation across species. The predicted protein has significant similarities with proteins involved in neural cell adhesion and axonal pathfinding, as well as with protein kinases and phosphatases, which suggests that this gene could have a specific role in neuronal migration.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Base Sequence
  • Cell Adhesion Molecules / genetics*
  • Cell Movement
  • Chromosome Deletion
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Dosage Compensation, Genetic
  • Extracellular Matrix Proteins*
  • Humans
  • Hypogonadism / genetics*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins*
  • Nervous System / embryology
  • Olfaction Disorders / genetics*
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Restriction Mapping
  • Syndrome
  • X Chromosome


  • ANOS1 protein, human
  • Cell Adhesion Molecules
  • Extracellular Matrix Proteins
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins

Associated data

  • GENBANK/S57681
  • GENBANK/X57450
  • GENBANK/X57451
  • GENBANK/X57452
  • GENBANK/X57453
  • GENBANK/X57454
  • GENBANK/X57455
  • GENBANK/X57688
  • GENBANK/X57689
  • GENBANK/X60299
  • GENBANK/Z12141