Glossitis with linear lesions: an early sign of vitamin B12 deficiency

J Am Acad Dermatol. 2009 Mar;60(3):498-500. doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2008.09.011.


The classic oral manifestations of vitamin B(12) deficiency are considered nonspecific. We describe 4 patients with oral linear lesions associated with vitamin B(12) deficiency. Patients were free of neurologic symptoms and anemia at diagnosis. We believe that glossitis with linear lesions is an early clinical sign of vitamin B(12) deficiency. We recommend the determination of vitamin B(12) in such patients, even in the absence of anemia.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Early Diagnosis
  • Female
  • Glossitis / etiology*
  • Glossitis / pathology*
  • Hashimoto Disease / complications
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Melanoma / complications
  • Middle Aged
  • Skin Neoplasms / complications
  • Stomatitis / etiology
  • Stomatitis / pathology
  • Tongue / pathology
  • Vitamin B 12 Deficiency / complications*