Immunoglobulin class-switch recombination (CSR) requires activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID). Deamination of DNA by AID in transcribed switch (S) regions leads to double-stranded breaks in DNA that serve as obligatory CSR intermediates. Here we demonstrate that the catalytic and regulatory subunits of protein kinase A (PKA) were specifically recruited to S regions to promote the localized phosphorylation of AID, which led to binding of replication protein A and subsequent propagation of the CSR cascade. Accordingly, inactivation of PKA resulted in considerable disruption of CSR because of decreased AID phosphorylation and recruitment of replication protein A to S regions. We propose that PKA nucleates the formation of active AID complexes specifically on S regions to generate the high density of DNA lesions required for CSR.