Acquired torticollis in children

Orthop Rev. 1991 Aug;20(8):667-74.


Acquired torticollis in children is a symptom that may be due to a number of underlying causes, some of which are severe and life threatening. Musculoskeletal, ophthalmologic, infectious, neurologic, and neoplastic conditions may present early with only torticollis. Because torticollis is a symptom, the broad spectrum of possible diagnoses requires a thorough and methodical workup. A wide variety of tests may be necessary, as well as specialty consultation. No matter how common or rare the disorder, it must be considered when evaluating a child with acquired torticollis. The first step in evaluation is always a careful and complete physical examination. An outline of the disorders associated with torticollis is presented, as are illustrative case histories.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Bone Diseases / complications
  • Child
  • Eye Diseases / complications
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Nervous System Diseases / complications
  • Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases / complications
  • Risk Factors
  • Torticollis / diagnosis
  • Torticollis / epidemiology
  • Torticollis / etiology*