Minimally invasive craniopuncture therapy vs. conservative treatment for spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage: results from a randomized clinical trial in China

Int J Stroke. 2009 Feb;4(1):11-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1747-4949.2009.00239.x.


Background and purposes: To evaluate the effects of minimally invasive craniopuncture therapy compared with conservative treatment in treating intracerebral hemorrhage (25-40 ml) in the basal ganglion.

Methods: A multicenter, randomized control clinical trial comprised 465 cases of hemorrhage in the basal ganglion from 42 hospitals in China. Three hundred and seventy-seven patients with hemorrhage were randomly assigned to receive minimally invasive craniopuncture therapy (n=195) or conservative control treatment (n=182). The main indices of evaluation were the degree of neurological impairment at the 14th day after treatment, activities of daily living at the end of the 3rd month and the case fatality within 3 months.

Results: Improvement of neurological function in the minimally invasive craniopuncture group was significantly better than that in the control group at the 14th day (chi(2)=7.93, P=0.02). At the end of the 3rd month, there was a significant difference between the two groups in activities of daily living score (chi(2)=23.13, P<0.001). The proportion of dependent survival patients (modified Rankin scale >2) in the craniopuncture group (40.9%) was significantly lower than that in the conservative group (63.0%) at the end of the 3rd month (chi(2)=16.95, P<0.01). There was no significant difference in the cumulative fatality rates within three months between the two groups [6.7% (13/195) in the craniopuncture group and 8.8% (16/182) in the conservative group].

Conclusions: This minimally invasive craniopuncture technique can improve the independent survival of patients with small basal ganglion hemorrhage. It is a safe and practical technique in treating cerebral hemorrhage.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / mortality
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / surgery*
  • Female
  • Fibrinolytic Agents / therapeutic use
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures / adverse effects
  • Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures / methods*
  • Neurosurgical Procedures / adverse effects
  • Neurosurgical Procedures / methods*
  • Postoperative Complications / epidemiology
  • Recovery of Function
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Fibrinolytic Agents