Leprosy and international adoption: a case report and review of diagnostic and treatment dilemmas

Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2009 Apr;28(4):322-5. doi: 10.1097/INF.0b013e31818de21e.


Hansen disease, commonly known as leprosy, is uncommon in the United States and poses difficult diagnostic and treatment challenges. A 10-year-old girl was adopted from Ethiopia with a history of "multibacillary leprosy" and "multidrug treatment" for 12 months. Three months after her arrival in the United States and 4 months after treatment was completed, she presented with new papules and plaques on her left nose and ear. Herein, we present her case and review current treatment options in leprosy in children and the management of immunologic reactions.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adoption*
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents / therapeutic use
  • Child
  • Ethiopia / ethnology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Leprostatic Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Leprosy / diagnosis*
  • Leprosy / drug therapy*
  • Leprosy / microbiology
  • Prednisone / therapeutic use


  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents
  • Leprostatic Agents
  • Prednisone