We have established an animal model of bone metastasis using the PC-3 human prostate tumor cell line. In order to assess whether inhibition of bone resorption would prevent the development of bone metastasis, the diphosphonate etidronate (EHDP) was administered to 20 mice at a dose of 30 mg/kg subcutaneously daily starting 2 days prior to injection of tumor cells. Control mice received daily injections of the saline vehicle. In the EHDP-treated mice, there was no significant reduction in the incidence of bone metastasis, the size of the lesions, or the number of bone lesions per mouse. Approximately 50% of the mice developed bone metastasis, which was similar to the control group and similar to what was observed in earlier studies with this animal model. Histomorphometric analysis of bones showed marked inhibition of mineralization in EHDP-treated mice, thus indicating biological effect on the bone. Therefore, the use of EHDP in biologically effective doses failed to reduce the incidence, size, or number of bone metastases in this animal model.