Development of a diabetes education program for youth with type 2 diabetes

Diabetes Educ. Jan-Feb 2009;35(1):108-16. doi: 10.1177/0145721708325156.


Purpose: The purpose of this article is to present the Treatment Options for Type 2 Diabetes in Adolescents and Youth (TOD2AY) study and a description of the implementation of the standard diabetes education (SDE) program.

Methods: A total of 218 participants (one third of the eventual sample of 750) were initially enrolled in the study. To date, the mean age of participants was 14.3 + 2.1 years, with 63% being female. Families of study participants were largely low or middle income (more than half report family income <$35 000) and about three-quarters were minority.

Results: More than three-quarters (79%) of families achieved full mastery of the entire SDE program. Mastery required on average 5.5 + 1.3 sessions. In addition, 62% of the families were able to achieve mastery of the session topic in a single visit.

Conclusions: In summary, the TOD2AY study SDE program fills the need for effective, engaging materials for youth and their families to use in mastering essential type 2 diabetes skills and knowledge.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Cognition
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / psychology*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / rehabilitation*
  • Humans
  • Learning
  • National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (U.S.)
  • Patient Education as Topic* / standards
  • Problem Solving
  • Psychology, Adolescent*
  • Self Care
  • United States