Specific Removal of Monocytes from Peripheral Blood of Septic Patients by Polymyxin B-immobilized Filter Column

Acta Med Okayama. 2009 Feb;63(1):65-9. doi: 10.18926/AMO/31855.


Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is one of the major causes of septic shock. The polymyxin B-immobilized filter column (PMX) was developed for the adsorption of endotoxin by direct hemoperfusion and has been used for the treatment of LPS-induced septic shock. In this study, we demonstrated that PMX also specifically bound monocytes from the peripheral blood leukocytes of septic patients by mean of an analysis of bound cells using immunocytochemical and electron microscopic techniques. The specific removal of monocytes from septic patients may produce beneficial effects by reducing the interaction between monocytes and functionally associated cells including vascular endothelial cells.

MeSH terms

  • Adsorption
  • Aged
  • CD11b Antigen / blood
  • Cell Separation / methods*
  • Female
  • Filtration
  • Humans
  • L-Selectin / blood
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Monocytes / cytology*
  • Polymyxin B / chemistry*
  • Sepsis / blood
  • Sepsis / therapy*


  • CD11b Antigen
  • ITGAM protein, human
  • L-Selectin
  • Polymyxin B