Tailor-made surgical guide based on rapid prototyping technique for cup insertion in total hip arthroplasty

Int J Med Robot. 2009 Jun;5(2):164-9. doi: 10.1002/rcs.243.


Background: A surgical guide made by the rapid prototyping (RP) technique for cup insertion in total hip arthroplasty might be useful to avoid malalignment of the cup, which indicates postoperative complications.

Methods: To address this research question, we applied a RP-based guide to 24 patients with their CT images. We designed it to fit onto the acetabular edge and to insert a Kirschner wire (K-wire) which indicated a planned cup direction. We intraoperatively placed it on the acetabular edge, inserted the K-wire through the guide on the superior acetabulum and implanted the cup while observing the alignment of the K-wire. We also recorded the additional time needed to use the guide.

Results: The mean cup accuracy between planned and postoperative alignments was 2.8 degrees (SD = 2.1 degrees ) for abduction and 3.7 degrees (SD = 2.7 degrees ) for anteversion. The mean additional time was 3.5 (range 2-6) min.

Conclusion: We can use this guide with acceptable accuracy and without consuming an excessive amount of time.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip / instrumentation
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip / methods*
  • Equipment Design
  • Female
  • Hip Prosthesis
  • Humans
  • Imaging, Three-Dimensional
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Robotics / instrumentation
  • Robotics / methods
  • Surgery, Computer-Assisted / instrumentation
  • Surgery, Computer-Assisted / methods*
  • Surgical Instruments
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed