Pediatric gastrointestinal stromal tumors

Hematol Oncol Clin North Am. 2009 Feb;23(1):15-34, vii. doi: 10.1016/j.hoc.2008.11.005.

Abstract

Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) rarely occur in pediatric patients, but increased recognition of adult GIST has led to better awareness of the existence of this entity in the pediatric population. GIST occurring in pediatric patients has a unique biology and clinical behavior and warrants discussion as an independent entity. The generally accepted definition of pediatric GIST is a tumor that is diagnosed at the age of 18 years or younger. This review highlights the clinical features, molecular biology, and clinical management of this rare pediatric entity.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
  • Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors* / diagnosis
  • Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors* / epidemiology
  • Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors* / etiology
  • Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors* / genetics
  • Humans
  • Mutation
  • Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / genetics
  • Succinate Dehydrogenase / genetics

Substances

  • Succinate Dehydrogenase
  • Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases