Dietary intake, physical activity and nutritional status in adults: the French nutrition and health survey (ENNS, 2006-2007)

Br J Nutr. 2009 Sep;102(5):733-43. doi: 10.1017/S0007114509274745. Epub 2009 Mar 2.


The French National Programme on Nutrition and Health (Programme national nutrition santé (PNNS)), the aim of which is to reduce nutrition-related chronic diseases, necessitates monitoring of nutritional characteristics. Our objective was to describe dietary intake, physical activity and nutritional status in a national sample of adults, especially according to current French recommendations. The study is based on a cross-sectional population-based survey using a multistage sampling design (Etude nationale nutrition santé (ENNS)). Between February 2006 and March 2007, 3115 18-74-year-old adults were included (participation rate 59.7 %). Energy, macronutrient and food consumption were estimated through three randomly distributed 24 h recalls, and compared to PNNS recommendations; physical activity was described using International Physical Activity Questionnaire guidelines; anthropometry, blood pressure and biochemical measurements were assessed according to national and international references. When compared to current recommendations, intake of carbohydrates (>50 % energy intake without alcohol: 26.4 %), SFA ( < 35 % total lipids: 18.5 %) and total fibre (>25 g/d: 13.7 %) was frequently unsatisfactory. While overall consumption of 'meat, seafood and eggs' was satisfactory, that of fruits and vegetables ( > or = 400 g/d: 43.8 %) and seafood (two or more servings per week: 29.9 %) was frequently too low. The physical activity level was satisfactory at 63.2 %. Overweight was observed in 49.3 % of adults, while 30.9 % were hypertensive and 44.1 % had dyslipidaemia. Vitamin and iron-poor status was found to affect less than 10 % of the population. Based on the ENNS survey, overall nutrition remains a problem in France. Comparison of these data with those of other countries could contribute to a better understanding of variations in nutrition-related diseases.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology
  • Blood Pressure / physiology*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Diet Records
  • Energy Intake*
  • Exercise*
  • France
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • Life Style
  • Middle Aged
  • Motor Activity*
  • Nutrition Disorders / prevention & control
  • Nutritional Status / physiology*
  • Nutritive Value
  • Occupations
  • Sample Size
  • Sedentary Behavior
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Waist-Hip Ratio
  • Young Adult