Rhodococcus equi causing human pulmonary infection: review of 29 cases

South Med J. 1991 Oct;84(10):1217-20. doi: 10.1097/00007611-199110000-00014.


Rhodococcus equi is a gram-positive pleomorphic bacillus that has been identified as a life-threatening pulmonary pathogen in the immunocompromised host. Infection with R equi may go unrecognized by physicians unacquainted with its presentation and unaware of the organism's ability to mimic diphtheroids and to stain weakly positive with an acid-fast stain.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Actinomycetales Infections / diagnosis
  • Actinomycetales Infections / immunology
  • Actinomycetales Infections / microbiology*
  • Adult
  • HIV Seropositivity
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Opportunistic Infections / microbiology
  • Pneumonia / diagnosis
  • Pneumonia / microbiology*
  • Rhodococcus equi / isolation & purification*