The peripheral visual field in glaucoma: reevaluation in the age of automated perimetry

Surv Ophthalmol. 1991 Jul-Aug;36(1):59-69. doi: 10.1016/0039-6257(91)90213-y.


With the advent of automated static perimetry has come the common practice of measuring only the central 30 degrees of vision in the diagnosis and management of glaucoma. While most glaucomatous field defects appear first in this portion of the visual field, the question remains as to how much useful information is being missed by ignoring the peripheral field, i.e., outside the central 30 degrees. Studies with both static and kinetic automated perimetry have revealed the same peripheral glaucomatous field defects previously recognized with manual perimetry, including generalized contraction, nasal steps, temporal sector defects, and hemianopic offsets. Of these, however, only measurement of the nasal periphery may add sufficient information to that obtained with static testing in the central 30 degrees to justify the added examination time; however, there are special situations in which peripheral field testing in other or all quadrants may be useful. Further study is required to establish optimum techniques for automated measurement of the peripheral visual field and to determine the significance of the results in the management of glaucoma.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aging / physiology
  • Glaucoma / physiopathology*
  • Humans
  • Retina / anatomy & histology
  • Retina / physiology
  • Vision Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Visual Field Tests / instrumentation
  • Visual Field Tests / methods
  • Visual Fields* / physiology