A lack of diversity and durability of resistant soybean varieties complicates management of the soybean cyst nematode (SCN), Heterodera glycines, exemplified by the current overdependence on the PI 88788 source of resistance. Of interest is the effect of adaptation of a SCN population to a source of resistance on its subsequent ability to develop on others. Female indices (FI) from virulence assays (race, HG Type and SCN Type tests) for SCN field populations and inbred lines were analyzed. Female indices on PI 88788, PI 209332 and PI 548316 were highly correlated, as were those of PI 548402, PI 90763, PI 89772 and PI 438489B. Previous studies on resistant SCN-infected soybean roots indicated that the cellular resistance response was similar within these two groups of soybean genotypes. In field populations, highly significant correlations were also found between FI on PI 88788 and PI 548402 and those on PI 89772 and PI 437654. In inbred lines, FI on PI 437654 were correlated with PI 90763 and PI 438489B. To avoid further adaptation, rotation of cultivars with resistance from these groups should be carefully monitored, including those from the most promising source of resistance, PI 437654, such as CystX. In a separate test, 10 soybean varieties developed from CystX were tested against HG Type 0, HG Type 2.5.7 and HG Type 1-7. Female development occurred in all tests but one. Although identification and deployment of unique resistance is needed, management strategies to prevent and detect adaptation should be emphasized.