Exploring the meaning of cigarette smoking in a sample of resettled Bosnian refugees

J Ethn Subst Abuse. 2009;8(1):1-14. doi: 10.1080/15332640802683334.


The current study explored the meaning of cigarette smoking for resettled Bosnian refugees (N = 15) in the Midwest and Northeastern part of the country. The interviews were audiotaped, translated into English, and transcribed. Open coding was used to produce meaningful themes. The major themes across all three phases included the importance of smoking as part of socializing and the characterization of smoking as a habit. The participants' pattern of smoking changed across phases. Of those participants who reported quitting smoking, the majority indicated that they relapsed in social situations. Implications for further assessment and for the development of culturally tailored interventions are discussed.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Attitude to Health / ethnology*
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina / ethnology
  • Cultural Characteristics
  • Data Collection
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Recurrence
  • Refugees / psychology
  • Smoking / ethnology
  • Smoking / psychology*
  • Smoking Cessation / ethnology*
  • Smoking Cessation / statistics & numerical data
  • Social Environment
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Young Adult