Prevalence of second-hand smoke exposure after introduction of the Italian smoking ban: the Florence and Belluno survey

Tumori. 2008 Nov-Dec;94(6):798-802. doi: 10.1177/030089160809400604.


Aims and background: A law banning smoking in enclosed public places was implemented in Italy on January 10, 2005. The aim of this paper is to present a cross-sectional survey on two representative samples of non-smokers of two Italian towns (Florence and Belluno), conducted one year after the introduction of the ban, in order to assess prevalence of second-hand smoke exposure, to record the attitudes towards the ban, and the perception about its compliance in a representative sample of non-smokers.

Methods: Computer-assisted telephone interviews were carried out in March 2006, from a random sample of households from telephone registries. Respondents were 402 non-smokers from Belluno and 1,073 from Florence.

Results: About 12% of Florentines and 7% of Belluno respondents were exposed at home; 39% and 19%, respectively, at work; 10% and 5% in hospitality venues; 20% and 10% in cars. The smoke-free law was almost universally supported (about 98%) even if a smaller proportion of people (about 90%) had the perception that the ban was observed.

Conclusions: Second-hand smoke exposure at home and in hospitality premises has dropped to < or = 10%, whereas exposure at work remained higher. These results suggest the need for more controls in workplaces other than hospitality venues.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Attitude to Health
  • Cohort Studies
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Environmental Exposure*
  • Female
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • Interviews as Topic
  • Italy / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prevalence
  • Smoking / legislation & jurisprudence*
  • Tobacco Smoke Pollution / legislation & jurisprudence*
  • Tobacco Smoke Pollution / statistics & numerical data*
  • Workplace / legislation & jurisprudence*
  • Young Adult


  • Tobacco Smoke Pollution