[Validating the Adjusted Clinical Groups [ACG] case-mix system in a Spanish population setting: a multicenter study]

Gac Sanit. 2009 May-Jun;23(3):228-31. doi: 10.1016/j.gaceta.2008.04.005. Epub 2009 Mar 5.
[Article in Spanish]


Purpose: To validate the Johns Hopkins ACG case-mix system used in various primary and specialized care centers attending a defined population in Spain.

Methods: A retrospective, multicenter study was carried out by applying the ACG case-mix system to the clinical records of patients attending five primary care teams and two hospitals over a 1-year period in 2005. The main measurements were dependent variables (visits, episodes, primary care costs, and total costs), and morbidity. The determination coefficient (R2; p<0.05) was used to measure the explained variability.

Results: A total of 81,873 patients were included with a mean (standard deviation) number of 4.8 (3.5) episodes and 8.0 (8.1) visits/patient/year. The explained variance (R2) of ACG classification was 73.1% (75.5% log transformation) for episodes, 43.2% (54.0% log transformation) for visits, 19.6% (54.8% log transformation) for primary care costs, and 22.7% (48.3% log transformation) for total costs (p<0.001).

Conclusion: The ACG system classified a defined population on the basis of morbidity and individual resource consumption. Moreover, the ACG system was useful to assess the clinical (comorbidity) and economical information of each center.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Diagnosis-Related Groups / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Spain