Historical aspects of critical care and the nervous system

Crit Care Clin. 2009 Jan;25(1):153-64, ix. doi: 10.1016/j.ccc.2008.12.004.

Abstract

The appropriate starting point for a history of neurocritical care is a matter of debate, and the organization of facts and conjectures about it must be somewhat arbitrary. Intensive care for neurosurgical patients dates back to the work of Walter Dandy at the Johns Hopkins Hospital in the 1930s; many consider his creation of a special unit for their postoperative care to be the first real ICU. The genesis of neurocritical care begins in prehistory, however. This article gives a predominantly North American history, with some brief forays into the rest of the world community of neurointensivists.

Publication types

  • Historical Article
  • Portrait

MeSH terms

  • Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation / history
  • Coma / history
  • Coma / therapy
  • Craniocerebral Trauma / history
  • Craniocerebral Trauma / physiopathology
  • Craniocerebral Trauma / therapy
  • Critical Care / history*
  • Critical Care / methods
  • Egypt
  • Europe
  • History, 16th Century
  • History, 18th Century
  • History, 19th Century
  • History, 20th Century
  • History, Ancient
  • Humans
  • Intensive Care Units / history
  • Intracranial Pressure
  • Nervous System Diseases / history*
  • Nervous System Diseases / therapy*
  • Neurology / history*
  • Neurology / methods
  • Poliomyelitis / history
  • Poliomyelitis / therapy
  • Respiratory Insufficiency / history
  • Respiratory Insufficiency / therapy
  • Status Epilepticus / history
  • Status Epilepticus / therapy
  • Stroke / history
  • Stroke / therapy
  • Trephining / history
  • United States