Prevention of pressure ulcers in the surgical patient

AORN J. 2009 Mar;89(3):538-48; quiz 549-51. doi: 10.1016/j.aorn.2008.12.022.


Pressure ulcers (PUs) are a serious health care problem, and it is crucial to assess how patients acquire pressure ulcers after admission to a health care facility. In the OR, factors related to positioning, anesthesia, and the duration of surgery, in addition to patient-related factors, all can affect PU development. This article reviews current practices, including AORN recommended practices, regarding pressure ulcer prevention efforts for surgical patients. All surgical patients should be considered at-risk for pressure ulcer development; therefore, perioperative departments should develop and implement strategic plans for pressure ulcer prevention.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Intraoperative Care / methods*
  • Intraoperative Care / nursing
  • Patient Care Planning
  • Posture
  • Pressure Ulcer / prevention & control*
  • Risk Factors
  • Surgical Procedures, Operative / adverse effects
  • Surgical Procedures, Operative / nursing*