Chemokines and chemokine receptors: an overview

Front Biosci (Landmark Ed). 2009 Jan 1;14:540-51. doi: 10.2741/3261.


Chemokines are chemotactic cytokines orchestrating leukocyte recruitment in physiological and pathological conditions. This complex system includes 42 molecules and 19 receptors and is subjected to different levels of regulation, including ligand production, post-translational modifications and degradation, as well as receptor expression and signaling activity. Here we analyze the chemokine system, with particular attention to available information on clinical situations in which chemokines or their receptors might assume diagnostic value.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Chemokines / physiology*
  • Homeostasis
  • Humans
  • Receptors, Chemokine / physiology*


  • Chemokines
  • Receptors, Chemokine