Harnessing human CD1d restricted T cells for tumor immunity: progress and challenges

Front Biosci (Landmark Ed). 2009 Jan 1;14:796-807. doi: 10.2741/3278.


Glycolipid reactive CD1d restricted natural killer T (NKT) cells represent a distinct population of T cells implicated in the regulation of immune responses in a broad range of diseases including cancer. Several studies have demonstrated the capacity of NKT cells bearing an invariant T cell receptor (iNKT cells) to recruit both innate and adaptive anti-tumor immunity and mediate tumor rejection in mice. Early phase clinical studies in humans have demonstrated the capacity of dendritic cells (DCs) to mediate expansion of NKT cells in vivo. However several challenges need to be overcome in order to effectively harness the properties of these cells in the clinic.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antigens, CD1d / immunology*
  • Humans
  • Killer Cells, Natural / immunology
  • Mice
  • Neoplasms / immunology*
  • T-Lymphocytes / immunology*


  • Antigens, CD1d
  • CD1D protein, human