Aim: This study was undertaken to assess the immunogenicity, reactogenicity and safety of two doses of an oral live-attenuated human rotavirus vaccine, strain RIX4414 (Rotarix()) in an Indian setting.
Results: The seroconversion rate observed one month post-dose 2 in the RIX4414 group 58.3% [95% CI: 48.7; 67.4] was significantly higher when compared to the placebo group 6.3%; [95% CI: 2.5; 12.5]. The reactogenicity and safety profile was similar for both groups.
Patients and methods: Healthy infants (N = 363), approximately eight weeks of age were enrolled to receive two doses of RIX4414 vaccine (n = 182) or placebo (n = 181) separated by one month. To assess the immune response, blood samples were taken before vaccination and one month post-dose 2 of RIX4414/placebo. Solicited symptoms were collected for eight-days post each dose and safety data was collected throughout the study.
Conclusions: Two doses of RIX4414 (Rotarix()) were immunogenic, had a good safety profile and were well-tolerated when administered to healthy Indian infants.
Clinical trials registration: ClinicalTrials.gov; NCT00289172; eTrack 103792.