Immunogenicity, reactogenicity and safety of human rotavirus vaccine (RIX4414) in Indian infants

Hum Vaccin. 2009 Jun;5(6):414-9. doi: 10.4161/hv.5.6.8176. Epub 2009 Jun 15.


Aim: This study was undertaken to assess the immunogenicity, reactogenicity and safety of two doses of an oral live-attenuated human rotavirus vaccine, strain RIX4414 (Rotarix()) in an Indian setting.

Results: The seroconversion rate observed one month post-dose 2 in the RIX4414 group 58.3% [95% CI: 48.7; 67.4] was significantly higher when compared to the placebo group 6.3%; [95% CI: 2.5; 12.5]. The reactogenicity and safety profile was similar for both groups.

Patients and methods: Healthy infants (N = 363), approximately eight weeks of age were enrolled to receive two doses of RIX4414 vaccine (n = 182) or placebo (n = 181) separated by one month. To assess the immune response, blood samples were taken before vaccination and one month post-dose 2 of RIX4414/placebo. Solicited symptoms were collected for eight-days post each dose and safety data was collected throughout the study.

Conclusions: Two doses of RIX4414 (Rotarix()) were immunogenic, had a good safety profile and were well-tolerated when administered to healthy Indian infants.

Clinical trials registration:; NCT00289172; eTrack 103792.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Oral
  • Antibodies, Viral / blood
  • Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Immunization, Secondary / methods
  • India
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Placebos / administration & dosage
  • Rotavirus Infections / prevention & control*
  • Rotavirus Vaccines / administration & dosage
  • Rotavirus Vaccines / adverse effects*
  • Rotavirus Vaccines / immunology*
  • Vaccines, Attenuated / administration & dosage
  • Vaccines, Attenuated / adverse effects
  • Vaccines, Attenuated / immunology


  • Antibodies, Viral
  • Placebos
  • RIX4414 vaccine
  • Rotavirus Vaccines
  • Vaccines, Attenuated

Associated data