The use of immunostimulating herbs in fish. An overview of research

Fish Physiol Biochem. 2009 Nov;35(4):669-76. doi: 10.1007/s10695-009-9304-z. Epub 2009 Mar 11.


The use of immunostimulants as an alternative to the drugs, chemicals and antibiotics currently being used to control fish diseases in fish culture is attracting the attention of many researchers. In this context, many have focused on the use of medicinal plant products as potential therapeutic measures for modulating the immune response and, specifically, on the use of herbs to prevent and control fish diseases. Medicinal plants (plant remedies) are a deeply rooted component of the cultural heritage of many people from diverse cultures and countries and are, as such, closely linked to the maintenance of good health. The aim of this paper is to review research currently being carried out on the herbs and herbal extracts that have been shown to modulate the immune system of fish. Special attention is given to the use of Chinese and Indian herbs.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adjuvants, Immunologic / therapeutic use*
  • Animals
  • Aquaculture / methods*
  • Drugs, Chinese Herbal / therapeutic use
  • Fish Diseases / immunology*
  • Fish Diseases / prevention & control*


  • Adjuvants, Immunologic
  • Drugs, Chinese Herbal